Disposal Guidance for Certain Common Wastes

We contacted both NYS DEC and US EPA on various items after having others ask us what to do with them, plus our own experience with many of these items. We wanted to get the answer from the ones who know both the federal laws and NYS laws. This list from NYS DEC is the ones we asked about and how to dispose of them.

This is a direct response from both the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and United States Environmental Protection Agency on the proper disposal of common waste for both the first responders and the community. These are just guidelines. If you’re unsure of what to do, contact your local fire department, DEC, EPA, the manufacturer, or trash hauler. If you are unsure of whom to contact, please contact us and we will assist you.



The information below is a Red Lights For Firefighters exclusive.

First is NYS DEC, 2nd is US EPA

NYS DEC Representative:
Sam VanDeusen Environmental Program Specialist T1, Division of Materials Management
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

US EPA Representative:
Christine Arcari
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

NYS DEC

Disposal Guidance for Certain Common Wastes

(Last Revised: Sept. 2018)

DISCLAIMER: Generators of non-household solid waste must make a hazardous waste determination in accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2). This guidance provides common disposal options for certain wastes for informational purposes only. Usage of this guidance DOES NOT substitute for making a hazardous waste determination and disposal information contained within this guidance does not fulfill the requirement of making a hazardous waste determination.

New York State's solid and hazardous waste regulations (6 NYCRR Parts 360 through 377) can be found on the Westlaw website.

 

General Steps For Making a Hazardous Waste Determination:

 

1.)      The hazardous waste determination for each solid waste must be made at the point of waste generation, before any dilution, mixing, or other alteration of the waste occurs, and at any time in the course of its management that the properties of the waste have changed or the RCRA classification of the waste may have changed.

2.)      A person must determine whether the solid waste is excluded from regulation under 6 NYCRR 371.1(e).

3.)      If the waste is not excluded under 6 NYCRR 371.1(e), the person must then use knowledge of the waste to determine whether the waste meets any of the listing descriptions under 6 NYCRR 371.4. Acceptable knowledge that may be used in making an accurate determination as to whether the waste is listed may include waste origin, composition, knowledge of the process producing the waste, feedstock, and other reliable and relevant information.

4.)      The person then must also determine whether the waste exhibits one or more hazardous characteristics as identified in 6 NYCRR 371.3 by following the procedures in step 4.a. or 4.b. or a combination of both.

a.)      The person must apply knowledge of the hazard characteristic of the waste in        light of the materials or the processes used to generate the waste. Acceptable         knowledge may include process knowledge (e.g., information about chemical
feedstocks and other inputs to the production process); knowledge of products,      by-products, and intermediates produced by the manufacturing process; chemical or physical characterization of wastes; information on the chemical and physical properties of the chemicals used or produced by the process or otherwise contained in the waste; testing that illustrates the properties of the       waste; or other reliable and relevant information about the properties of the waste or its constituents. Persons testing their waste must obtain a representative sample of the waste for the testing, as defined in 6 NYCRR 370.2(b).

b.)      When available knowledge is inadequate to make an accurate determination, the        person must test the waste according to the applicable methods set forth in 6 NYCRR 371.3 or according to an equivalent method approved by the DEC commissioner under 6 NYCRR 370.3(b) and in accordance with the following:

i.)                  Persons testing their waste must obtain a representative sample of the waste for the testing, as defined in 6 NYCRR 370.2(b).

ii.)                Where a test method is specified in 6 NYCRR 371.3, the results of the                         regulatory test, when properly performed, are definitive for determining the regulatory status of the waste.

5.)         If the waste is determined to be hazardous, the generator must refer to 6 NYCRR 371, 373, 374 and 376 for possible exclusions or restrictions pertaining to management of the specific waste.

6.)         Recordkeeping for small and large quantity generators. A small or large quantity generator must maintain records supporting its hazardous waste determinations, including records that identify whether a solid waste is a hazardous waste, as defined by 6 NYCRR 371.1(d). Records must be maintained for at least three (3) years from the date that the waste was last sent to on-site or off-site treatment, storage, or disposal. These records must comprise the generator's knowledge of the waste and support the generator's determination, as described above in steps 3. and 4. The periods of record retention referred to in this section are extended automatically during the course of any unresolved enforcement action regarding the regulated activity or as requested by DEC.

7.)         Identifying hazardous waste numbers for small and large quantity generators. If the waste is determined to be hazardous, small quantity generators and large quantity generators must identify all applicable EPA hazardous waste numbers (EPA hazardous waste codes) in 6 NYCRR 371.3 and 371.4. Prior to shipping the waste off site, the
generator also must mark its containers with all applicable EPA hazardous waste numbers (EPA hazardous waste codes) according to 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(6).

 

 

Item

            Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Acetylene Tanks 

and Cylinders

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly. Consult manufacturer

instructions for safe use and disposal.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemica1/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Adhesives and

Glues

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Consult manufacturer

instructions for safe use

and disposal. If the

adhesive or glue contain

hazardous materials

contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events in the

area.

Aerosol

Products

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly. Consult manufacturer

instructions for safe use and disposal.

NOTE: Aerosol cans that do not contain a

hazardous waste are presumed to be ignitable

or reactive hazardous waste unless the

pressure is at or near atmospheric and the can

has been punctured. The act of puncturing is

considered hazardous waste treatment. The

generator should consult with the NYSDEC for

regulatory information if they are puncturing the

containers. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/51768.html

Make sure the aerosol

can is empty and is no

longer under pressure,

then dispose of the empty

container in the recyclable

bin. Keep in mind that

every municipality has

different policies on

recycling, so you may or

may not be able to recycle

an aerosol can in your

area.

 

If the aerosol can still has

liquids in it, consult

disposal instructions in

accordance with the

manufacturer and type of

product. If the product is

considered hazardous

contact your municipality

and inquire about

household hazardous

waste collection events in

the area.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Ametalene

Tanks &

Cylinders

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemica1/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal instructions.

 

Look up your municipality

or county's regulations

online or call them to

inquire about household

hazardous waste

collection events in the

area and their ability to

accept these items.

Ammunition

Live ammunition: Perform hazardous waste

determination in accordance with 6 NYCRR

372.2(a)(2) and manage accordingly.

Spent ammunition (bullet fragments, etc.):

Can be managed as hazardous scrap metal

under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they are sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemica1/51768.html.

NOTE: If spent ammunition is directed for

disposal, a hazardous waste determination

must be made.

Contact the local police

station in your

municipality (Don't call

911) and ask if they will

take ammunition.

 

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events in the

area and their ability to

accept these items.

Automotive

Batteries

Spent automotive lead-acid batteries being

sent for reclamation can be managed under the

Universal Waste regulations of

6 NYCRR 374-3.

 

Alternatively, these batteries can also be

managed under 6 NYCRR 374-1.7, if directed

for reclamation.

Spent automotive lead-

acid batteries can be

returned to the retailer

where you purchase your

new battery or to any

retailer of automotive

lead-acid batteries.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Automotive

Chemicals

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

Automotive

Fluids

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

 

Used oils that meet the definition of "used oil' in

6 NYCRR 374-2.1 and are sent for recycling or

sent for burning for energy recovery may be

managed in accordance with 6 NYCRR 374-2.

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area.

 

Also, reach out to

automotive service

stations, automotive

retailers, and junk yards

and ask them if they

accept these fluids.

Batteries

(Rechargeable)

 

[Cellphone,

Smartphone,

Laptop Batteries,

etc.]

Hazardous waste batteries (lead-acid, lead,

nickel-cadmium, silver, lithium or mercury) can

be managed as universal waste or ordinary

hazardous waste. See NYSDEC Universal

Waste webpage for more information:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/99942.html.

 

Rechargeable batteries must be recycled per

ECL §27-1807.

See NYSDEC Rechargeable Battery Recycling

webpage for more information:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/72065.html

Rechargeable batteries

must be returned to a

retailer of similar

rechargeable batteries. It

is illegal to dispose of

rechargeable batteries in

household trash. To find a

rechargeable battery

drop-off location in your

area, visit:

www.call2recycle.org/loca

for

Batteries

(Single-Use)

Hazardous waste batteries (lead-acid, lead,

nickel-cadmium, silver, lithium or mercury) can

be managed as universal waste or ordinary

hazardous waste. See NYSDEC Universal

Waste webpage for more information:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/99942.html

Single use alkaline

batteries can be disposed

of in household trash.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Beauty Products

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal. If the product is

considered hazardous

contact your municipality

and inquire about

household hazardous

waste collection events in

the area.

Bleach Products

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

Building

Materials

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

 

NOTE: Lead-painted scrap metal can be

managed as hazardous scrap metal under

the exemption of 6 NYCRR 371.1(g)(1)(iii)(b) if

it's sent for metal recycling. Generator of the

hazardous scrap metal needs to submit a c7

notification to DEC (Generic Sample "c7"

Notification for Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.govichemica1/51768.html

Contact local reuse

stores such as Habitat for

Humanity for non-

hazardous materials.

 

For hazardous materials:

- Identify the location(s) of

hazardous materials in

the house.

- Evaluate the material's

condition and understand

factors that may affect

condition and potential

exposure.

- Determine what local,

state and federal

regulations apply to each

specific hazardous

material.

- Remove safely and

dispose in accordance

with the regulations.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Carbon Dioxide

Tanks & Bottles

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (o)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemica1/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Chem-O-Lene

Tanks &

Cylinders

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (g)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Chemtane &

Chemtane 2

Tanks &

Cylinders

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemica1/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Cooking Oils

and Grease

Waste cooking oil and grease, if filtered to

remove food particles, can be stored at the site

of generation until it can be collected by an

authorized hauler for recycling or use in or as

fuel.

Contact your municipality

and ask about recycling

programs or inquire about

used cooking oil facilities

in the area.

Electronics

(Computers,

Tablets, etc.)

Referred to as electronic waste or e-waste.

 

E-waste can be managed as hazardous scrap

metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if it's sent for recycling.

Generator of the e-waste needs to submit a c7

notification to DEC (Sample "c7" Notification for

Electronic Waste Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.govichemica1/51768.html

Certain electronics cannot

be disposed of in the

trash and must be

recycled, visit:

www.dec.ny.qov/chemical

/66872.html

Fertilizers

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Fireworks

Unused fireworks: are presumed to be

hazardous waste. Only registered or permitted

professionals may possess display fireworks. In

the case of seized fireworks or fireworks from

unknown sources, emergency response

personnel should be called or consulted.

Please see NYS Homeland Security and

Emergency Services information on consumer

fireworks:

www.dhses.ny.gov/ofpc/news/sparklingdevices.

cfm.

Residues of used fireworks: may still be

hazardous waste. Perform hazardous waste

determination in accordance with 6 NYCRR

372.2(a)(2) and manage accordingly.

Contact the fire

department in your

municipality.

Fluorescent

Light Fixture

Ballast

Magnetic (PCB-containing) ballasts:

May meet the small capacitor exemption,

6 NYCRR 371.4(e), but federal regulations may

apply. For federal Toxic Substances Control

Act (TSCA) requirements, EPA should be

contacted directly. EPA has a webpage about

identifying ballasts that may contain PCB's.

Electronic ballasts:

Can be managed as hazardous scrap metal

under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they are sent for metal

recycling. Generators of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/51768.html.

If being sent for disposal, perform hazardous

waste determination in accordance with

6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and manage accordingly.

Magnetic (non-PCB) ballasts:

Comply with the 6 NYCRR Part 360 solid waste

requirements, meaning that they can be placed

in a commercial trash stream if the trash

hauler allows it. Recycling of these ballasts is

preferred whenever possible.

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Fluorescent

Lights

Fluorescent lamps can be managed as

universal waste or ordinary hazardous waste.

See NYSDEC Universal Waste webpage for

more information:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/99942.html.

 

See NYSDEC Fluorescent and HID Lamps

webpage for more information about lamps:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/8787.html.

Compact fluorescent

lamps (CFLs): can often

be brought to home

improvement stores for

recycling.

Other fluorescent lamps

(tubes, U-shaped, etc.):

please contact your

municipality and ask

about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

Household

Appliances

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Certain appliances may contain hazardous

components including: used oil, polychlorinated

biphenyls (PCBs), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs),

and mercury.

If the appliances have refrigerants, they need

to be directed to a certified technician. If the

appliances contain liquid such as lubricating oil

or antifreeze, they may be subject to regulation

as hazardous waste or used oil.

NOTE: Appliances that do not contain liquid

and that are hazardous waste because of lead

or other metals may be managed as

hazardous scrap metal under the exemption

of 6 NYCRR 371.1(g)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for

metal recycling. Generator of the hazardous

scrap metal needs to submit a c7 notification to

DEC (Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.govichemica1/51768.html

Contact your municipality

and ask about their solid

waste facilities and

recycling practices. If your

municipality offers

recycling, they will

typically accept small

plastic and/or metallic

appliances to be disposed

of in the recycling bin.

 

Larger appliances might

need to be taken to a

transfer station or

recycling facility for further

processing and handling

(e.g., refrigerators)

Household

Chemicals

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Contact your municipality

and inquire about

household hazardous

waste collection events or

drop off locations in the

area.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Household Paint

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

If in good condition

consider donating your

paint to a community

center, charity, place of

worship, local theater or

Habitat for Humanity Re-

Store.

Latex Paint: Add equal

parts of cat litter to latex

paint in the can. If you

have more than a half a

can, you can also pour

the paint into a lined box

or trash can. Then pour in

cat litter. Stir the cat litter

into the paint until it

thickens and will not spill.

Allow the mixture to sit for

one hour. Throw the dried

paint in the can in the

garbage. Make sure to

remove the lid.

Oil-Based Paint: Oil-

based paints are

considered hazardous

waste and must be taken

to a household hazardous

waste collection event.

Laser Printer

Drums

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Lithium

Batteries

Lithium ion batteries can be managed as

universal waste or ordinary hazardous waste.

See NYSDEC Universal Waste webpage for

more information:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/99942.html.

Primary lithium batteries

can be disposed of in

household trash.

Rechargeable lithium ion

batteries must be returned

to a retailer of similar

rechargeable batteries. It

is illegal to dispose of

rechargeable batteries in

household trash. To find a

rechargeable battery

drop-off location in your

area, visit:

www.call2recycle.org/loca

for

M.A.P.P. Gas

Cylinders &

Tanks

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (g)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemica1/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Matches

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Matches should be

soaked in cold water for a

few minutes and then

disposed of as regular

trash.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Medical Needles

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

 

Medical needles and other sharp objects

(glassware and labware capable of causing a

percutaneous injury) generated in animal and

human healthcare settings (i.e., hospitals,

physician and veterinary offices,

home healthcare providers, etc.) are

considered a regulated medical waste and

must be managed in accordance with

6 NYCRR Part 365.

 

NOTE: Some waste may be dually regulated

(i.e., both a hazardous waste and a regulated

medical waste).

Needles and other sharp

objects generated in a

household in the course

of medical self-

management can be

disposed at any hospital

or nursing home that has

an active collection

program, at any of the

300 sharps collection drop

boxes located throughout

NY.

Put used sharps in a

strong, plastic container.

When the container is 3/4

full, put the lid on, seal it

with duct tape. and label

DO NOT RECYCLE —

SHARPS. Contact your

municipality for safe

disposal locations in your

area.

 

You may be able to drop

off your sharps disposal

containers at local

household hazardous

waste collection events or

drop off locations.

 

As a last resort, sharps

may be disposed in the

trash. See NYSDEC

Household Sharps-

Dispose of Them Safely

webpage for disposal

guidance:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical

/9082.html

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Mercury

Thermometers

Mercury thermometers and other qualifying

mercury-containing equipment can be

managed as ordinary hazardous waste or as

universal waste as provided by Commissioner

Policy CP-39.

See NYSDEC Universal Waste webpage for

more information:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/99942.html.

See NYSDEC Commissioner Policy CP-39:

Managing Mercury Containing Equipment

webpage for more information:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/8514.html.

Contact your municipality

and inquire about

household hazardous

waste collection events or

drop off locations in the

area. For mercury-

containing thermostats

visit: www.thermostat-

recycle.org to find a

thermostat collection site

in your area.

Methylacetylene

-Propadiene

Tanks and

Cylinders

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Needles & Other

Sharp Objects

See "Medical Needles" for medical needles and

other sharp objects (glassware, labware, etc.)

generated in animal and human healthcare

settings.

 

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

 

Other needles and sharp objects that are not

hazardous waste or regulated medical waste

can be wrapped and disposed of as regular

trash.

See also "Medical

Needles."

 

Other needles and sharp

objects can be wrapped

and disposed of as

regular trash.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Oily Rags

If the rags are contaminated with used oil as

defined in 6 NYCRR 374-2.1, the rags can be

managed as used oil if the rags are burned for

energy recovery.

 

If there is no free-flowing used oil on the rags

and they are not being burned for energy

recovery, perform hazardous waste

determination in accordance with

6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and manage accordingly.

Oily rags from a spill at a

household can be put in

the garbage can and

disposed of as regular

trash.

Old or Used Fire

Extinguishers

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemica1/51768.html

If the fire extinguisher is

partially or fully charged,

consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and/or safe

disposal instructions.

 

Call your fire department

to ask if they accept

unused or partially filled

containers. If not inquire

if the canister would be

accepted at a household

hazardous waste

collection event or drop

off location.

 

If the fire extinguisher is

empty call the local

recycling facility to ask

about dropping off the

steel canister.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Over-the-

Counter

Medications

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

 

See NYSDEC Management of Hazardous

Waste Pharmaceuticals webpage for more

information:

www.dec.ny.govichemica1/102907.htnnl

Remove the over-the-

counter medications from

their original containers

and mix them with

something undesirable,

such as used coffee

grounds, dirt, or cat litter.

Put the mixture in

something you can close

(a re-sealable zipper

storage bag, empty can,

or other container) to

prevent the drug from

leaking or spilling out.

Can dispose of the

container in regular trash.

Oxyacetylene

Tanks and

Cylinders

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Pesticides

Some pesticides can be managed as universal

waste or ordinary hazardous waste. See

NYSDEC Universal Waste webpage for more

information:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/99942.html

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Plastic Bags

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

 

Entities with clean, dry plastic bags, that are

not hazardous waste, can connect with this

national organization for recycling options:

www.plasticfilmrecycling.org/recycling-bags-

and-wraps/wrap-consumer-content

 

Wet or dirty plastic bags, that are not

hazardous waste, should be disposed of as

regular trash.

Plastic bags are

recyclable, but not in the

"blue bin" recycling

system.

 

Clean, dry plastic bags

and other film plastics can

often be taken to

qualifying retail locations

for recycling.

 

Contact local pharmacies

and grocery, big box, and

home improvement stores

about their plastic bag

recycling programs.

 

Wet or dirty plastic bags

should be disposed of as

regular trash.

Pool and Spa

Chemicals

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

Prescription

Medications

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

See NYSDEC Management of Hazardous

Waste Pharmaceuticals webpage for more

information:

www.dec.ny.govichemica1/102907.html

Contact the local police

station in your

municipality (Don't call

911) or local pharmacies

and ask if they will take

prescription medications.

Printer Ink, Ink

Cartridges

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Most manufacturers offer

a return program for used

ink cartridges. Please

check with the

manufacturer of you ink

cartridge for details.

To find an ink cartridge

drop-off location in your

area, visit:

https://search.earth911.co

m

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Propane Tanks

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (q)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemica1/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

 

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

Propylene

Tanks and

Cylinders

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

NOTE: Cylinders/Tanks that are not empty

and contain hazardous waste must be

managed as hazardous waste. Cylinders/tanks

that do not contain a hazardous waste are

presumed to be ignitable or reactive hazardous

waste unless the pressure is at or near

atmospheric. Once empty and no longer under

pressure, they can be managed as hazardous

scrap metal under the exemption of 6 NYCRR

371.1 (g)(1)(iii)(b) if they're sent for metal

recycling. Generator of the hazardous scrap

metal needs to submit a c7 notification to DEC

(Generic Sample "c7" Notification for

Generators), found here:

www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/51768.html

Consult manufacturer

instructions for take back

programs and safe

disposal.

Shaving Cream

Cans

Typically fits into the category of aerosol can.

See "Aerosol Cans" category of this guidance

for more information.

Typically fits into the

category of aerosol can.

See "Aerosol Cans"

category of this guidance

for more information.

Item

Non-household

(Industry, Businesses, etc.)

Household

(Residential Housing, Hotels, etc.)

Smoke Alarms

Modern, residential Am-241 sourced smoke

detectors are generally not hazardous waste.

The preferred path is to return them to the

manufacturer if no longer serviceable. If this

path is not available, individual smoke

detectors may be placed in the normal trash.

NOTE: The NRC and EPA have assessed the

impacts of disposal of modern, residential, Am-

241 sourced smoke detectors and have

determined that the benefits of using them

vastly outweigh the small risk they pose when

disposed as solid waste. Thus, there is no

federal or NYS prohibition against disposing of

them in regular household trash.

The NRC and EPA assessments assume

disposal in small quantities by individual

residents (i.e., broad dispersal within a solid

waste landfill, not accumulation and disposal in

large numbers in a single place within the

landfill).

Anyone considering consolidating smoke

detectors should first make sure that they are

able to return them to the manufacturer, as

some manufacturers only take their own brands

or only take them directly from the users.

Unless the manufacturer

can be identified and has

a take-back program or

mechanism in place, the

smoke detector may be

placed in the consumer's

regular trash.

Tires

Tires are generally not hazardous waste should

be managed in accordance with the solid waste

regulations of 6 NYCRR 360.

 

Tires should be sent for recycling or retreading.

 

Contact local municipalities or transfer stations

for more information about tire recycling

options.

Businesses that sell tires

may collect used tires for

a fee; contact your local

store.

 

Contact local

municipalities or transfer

stations about tire

recycling options.

Toilet Bowl

Cleaner

Perform hazardous waste determination in

accordance with 6 NYCRR 372.2(a)(2) and

manage accordingly.

Contact your municipality

and ask about household

hazardous waste

collection events or drop-

off locations in the area

and their ability to accept

these items.

 



U.S. EPA

Thanks for your inquiry about the proper disposal of chemicals. And thanks for the service that you provide to our very important first responders.

On the federal level, the process to identify what EPA considers a hazardous waste has several steps and isn't just a number like a cleanup level might be. It mainly depends on what you have, what you’re doing with it and how much of it you have.

The first step is to determine if it’s a solid waste, which doesn’t mean solid as in the physical property but as defined in the regulations as a material that is discarded (abandoned, inherently waste-like, recycled in certain ways or a military munition). Then the generator of the waste must determine if there are any exclusions or exemptions that apply. There are over 30 exclusions and exemptions (depending on how you count them). More about the hazardous waste identification process can be found here: https://www.epa.gov/hw/criteria-definition-solid-waste-and-solid-and-hazardous-waste-exclusions.


If none of these conditions apply (the waste is going to be discarded and it isn’t excluded or exempted), then the generator can use their knowledge of the waste to determine that it is a hazardous waste or not or send it off for testing. This web page has a summary of the steps for hazardous waste generators to follow: https://www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/steps-complying-regulations-hazardous-waste.


Another thing to keep in mind is that a generator is any person who produces a hazardous waste. Recognizing that generators produce waste in different quantities, EPA established three categories of generators in the regulations:



• very small quantity generators,
• small quantity generators, and
• large quantity generators.

The volume of hazardous waste each generator produces in a calendar month determines which regulations apply to that generator. If the fire station doesn’t generate very much hazardous waste each month then they may be considered a very small quantity generator (VSQG) which are those that generate 100 kilograms or less per month of hazardous waste or one kilogram or less per month of acutely hazardous waste.



There are very few requirements for VSQGs but they include the following:

• VSQGs must identify all the hazardous waste generated.
• VSQGs may not accumulate more than 1,000 kilograms of hazardous waste at any time.

• VSQGs must ensure that hazardous waste is delivered to a person or facility who is authorized to manage it.


The regulations provide a list of broad categories of facilities that a VSQG can send their waste to. A summary of those types is listed below:

• A permitted or interim status hazardous waste treatment, storage or disposal facility;

• A facility authorized to manage hazardous waste by Oklahoma’s Department of Environmental Quality;

• A facility permitted, licensed, or registered by Oklahoma to manage municipal solid waste that can accept the type of waste you have;

• A facility permitted, licensed, or registered by Oklahoma to manage non-municipal non-hazardous waste that can accept the type of waste you have;

• A facility which Beneficially uses or reuses, or legitimately recycles or reclaims its waste; or treats the waste prior to beneficial use or reuse, or legitimate recycling or reclamation;

• A large quantity generator under the control of the same person as the very small quantity generator, provided several conditions are met:


Some counties have hazardous waste collections for households that can also accept VSQG waste so that’s a good first place for these very small generators to check when trying to find a place to dispose of their hazardous waste. For a complete description of the VSQG regulations here: https://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?SID=12dbfa31159667c702e5ee735c5b06f8&mc=true&node=pt40.28.262&rgn=div5#se40.28.262_114

.

A summary of the other two categories of generators can be found here: https://www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/categories-hazardous-waste-generators.

In some states, the hazardous waste requirements are the same as the federal standards. Other states, however, have developed more stringent requirements than the federal program so checking with each state you’ll be operating in to find out what their requirements are is important. EPA maintains a list of state environmental and waste programs here: https://www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/links-hazardous-waste-programs-and-us-state-environmental-agencies.



Thanks,

Christine

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Christine Arcari
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency















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